The sustainability concept has very old roots related to the need to define how intensively natural resources can be used without depleting them. Traditional knowledge in many cultures around the world still reflects what today is termed ecological integrity, biodiversity conservation and ecosystem services. Ultimately, sustainability is linked to the potential of a landscape as a coupled human and nature system to subsist over time, and continuously provide goods, ecosystem functions, as well as natural and cultural values as a base for regional and rural development. A critically important aspect of sustainable development as a societal and collaborative learning process based on dialogue is to facilitate learning among stakeholders. This should be based on transparent information about the state and trends of economic, ecological and socio-cultural dimensions of sustainability. This will make stakeholders aware of their own area’s development and support their ability to steer the sustainable development process towards sustainability.
Angelstam, P., J.-M. Roberge, R. Axelsson, M. Elbakidze, K.-O. Bergman, A. Dahlberg, E. Degerman, S. Eggers, P.-A. Esseen, J. Hjältén, T. Johansson, J. Müller, H. Paltto, T. Snäll, I. Soloviy, J. Törnblom. 2013. Evidence-based knowledge versus negotiated indicators for assessment of ecological sustainability: the Swedish Forest Stewardship Council standard as a case study. AMBIO 42(2): 229-240.
Axelsson, R., P. Angelstam, E. Degerman, S. Teitelbaum, K. Andersson, M. Elbakidze, M.K. Drotz. 2013. Social and cultural sustainability: Criteria, indicators, verifier variables for measurement and maps for visualization to support planning. AMBIO 42(2): 215-228.